Several types of heating are available for homes. Some are more effective than others, but which ones? A short overview.
This is done using electric heaters . Like all types of heating, it has several advantages and disadvantages. First, the initial investment cost remains very low. Moreover, the installation is simple and the use remains childish. There is also a lack of storage. The electric heater is also non-messy, and requires little maintenance.
However, over the long term, the cost remains relatively high for use, as for any electrical appliance. Finally, electric heating requires the presence of a home energy consumption manager.
There are conventional boilers and condensing boilers, with better efficiency. This type of heating also has its advantages and disadvantages.
First, gas stocks are still important today, which is affordable. In addition, the gas boiler releases less carbon dioxide than an oil boiler. Again, there is no need for storage.
Nevertheless, there are some disadvantages. First of all, propane requires a cylinder located outside that needs to be recharged regularly. Yields are also worse than with city gas. In addition, there is a strong dependence between gas and oil prices.
Oil heating systems are still very much used in renovation. Again, the heating is done using conventional or condensing boilers.
Oil fired boilers benefit from 13% tax credits and 5.5% VAT on equipment purchased and installed by a craftsman. Moreover, oil boilers remain economical.
But these require the installation of a tank taking up a lot of space and to be changed regularly. In addition, the rejected fuel oil is polluting and contributes to global warming.
The latter, whether using boilers or stoves, is economical. Its installation makes it possible to benefit from a tax credit of 22% and a VAT to 5.5% for the houses of more than two years. In the same way, the wood resources are very numerous and it is about an ecological energy. Finally, the price of wood remains more affordable than oil or gas in particular.
However, the cheapest wood comes from the more remote forests, which poses an ecological problem. In addition, the price of self-charging boilers remains high. Similarly, carbon monoxide poisoning is legion here.
The solar heating is effected by using a solar collector.
This type of heating covers 30% of the heating needs of a home. Moreover, the latter is ecological and the energy of the sun remains inexhaustible. It is also versatile because it can cover the heating needs of hot water used for sanitary purposes. The interview requires few interventions.
But as we have seen, solar energy is not competitive when it comes to producing more heat in a home. In addition, this type of installation remains highly dependent on weather conditions. It will not have the same performance in the winter as the summer. Finally, the installation costs remain high.
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